Yearly Volume and Running Average Price of Commodity Chemicals Sales and Research Activity of Major Chemical Companies

========== CHEMICALS ==========

(statistics in parentheses are from previous years)

B lbs '97$/lb '95-8
Organics (285.9)
Inorganics (464.1)
Plastics 78.3
Sulfuric acid 95.6 .04
Nitrogen 82.6
Oxygen 64.7
Ethylene 51.1 .23
Lime 42.6 .03
Ammonia 38.4 .09
Propylene 27.5 .17
Phosphoric acid (P2O5) 26.8 .40
Ethylene dichloride 26.3 .17
Sulfur 26.2 .18
Chlorine 26.0 .12
Sodium carbonate 22.9 .33
Sodium hydroxide 22.7 1.42
Nitric acid 18.1 .17
Methyl t-butyl ether (17.7)
Ammonium nitrate 16.5 .08
Benzene 16.5 .13
Urea 15.5 .11
Vinyl chloride (15.0) .18
LD polyethylene 14.6 .46 Thermoplastics
PVC 14.1 .30 Thermoplastics
Polypropylene 13.3 .38 Thermoplastics
Ethylbenzene 12.7 (.27)
HD polyethylene 12.5 .39 Thermoplastics
Styrene 11.4 .29
Methanol (11.3) .06
Xylene (9.4) .11
Hydrochloric acid 8.4 .12
Ethylene oxide 8.2 .47
Formaldehyde (8.1) .34
Terephthalic acid (8.0) .29
p-Xylene 7.8 .23
Toluene (6.7) .11
Polystyrene 6.6 .41 Thermoplastics
Cumene 6.1 .18
Ammonium sulfate 5.6 .02
Ethylene glycol (5.2) .24
Acetic acid (4.7) .36
Polyester 4.3 -- thermoplastics
Phenol (4.2) .41
Polyester 4.1 .74 Fibers
Butadiene 4.1 .19
Propylene oxide (4.0) .64
Phenol/tar acid 3.6 -- thermosets
Acrylonitrile 3.3 .53
Carbon black (3.3) .29
Isobutylene (3.2) .31
Potash (K2O) 3.2 .48
Titanium dioxide 3.0 1.01
Vinyl acetate (2.9) .45
Acetone (2.8) .39
Nylon 2.8 -- fibers
Butyraldehyde (2.7) .48
Polyolefin 2.5 -- fibers
Aluminum sulfate 2.4 .12
Urea 2.3 -- thermosets
Sodium silicate (2.2) .25
Cyclohexane (2.1) .18
Styrene-butadiene 2.1 -- rubbers
Hydrogen 2.0
Adipic acid (1.8) .69
Nitrobenzene (1.7) .33
Polyester 1.6 .74 Thermosets
Bisphenol A (1.6) .94
Isopropyl alcohol 1.5 .34
Calcium Chloride (1.4) .14
Sodium chlorate 1.3 .23
Sodium sulfate 1.3 .06
Aniline 1.3 .49
Polybutadiene 1.2 -- rubbers
Nylon 1.2 -- thermoplastics
o-Xylene 1.1 .14
2-Ethylhexanol 0.8 .56
Epoxy 0.7 -- thermosets
Hydrogen peroxide (0.7) .70
EP 0.7 -- rubbers
Bromine 0.6 .56
Acrylic 0.5 -- fibers
Rayon & Acetate 0.5 -- fibers
Phosphorus (0.5) 1.25
Melamine 0.3 -- thermosets
Nitrile 0.2 -- rubbers
Polychloroprene 0.2 -- rubbers
Lithium 0.006 39.05
Sodium -- 1.55

========== CHEMICAL COMPANIES ==========

(statistics in parentheses are from previous years)
$M 97 Sales98 R&D
BASF (Ger) 27,047 (1213)
Merck 23,637 (1684)
Dupont 21,295 1100
Bayer (Ger) 19,178 (915)
Dow Chemical 19,056 789
Bristol-Meyers Squibb 16,701 (1385)
Hoechst (Ger) 16,294 (527)
SHELL (UK) 14,252
Exxon 14,024 (177)
3M (13,460) (1002)
ICI (UK) 13,349
Pfizer 12,504 (1928)
Abbott Labs 11,884 --
Akzo Nobel (Neth) 9,998 (323)
Elf Aquitaine (Fr) 9,954 (291)
Rhone-Poulenc (Fr) 9,869 --
Eli Lilly 8,518 (1382)
Sumitomo Chem (J) 8,197
Warner-Lambert 8,180 --
Dainippi I&C (Jap) 7,421
Veba (Ger) (7,029) --
Clariant (Switz) 7,017 (241)
Norsk Hydro (Nor) 6,874
Schering-Plough 6,778 (847)
Huls (Ger) 6,751 (183)
Mitsubishi Chem (J) 6,740 (62)
General Electric 6,695
Pharmacia & Upjohn 6,586
Union Carbide 6,502 166
SABIC (Saudi) 6,415 (94)
Toray Indust (Jap) 6,343
Henkel (Ger) 6,186 (151)
DSM (Neth) 6,122 (226)
BOC (UK) 6,018 (132)
Amoco 5,941
Solvay (Belg) 5,906 (126)
Novartis (Switz) 5,738 (506) (Ciba/Sandoz merger)
ENI (Ital) 5,668 (97)
Air Liquide (Fr) 5,458
Ciba Specialties (Switz) 5,390 (208)
British Petr (UK) 5,115
Huntsman Corp 5,000
Celanese 4,950
Total (Fr) 4,889
BASF 4,860
Praxair 4,735 83 ('92 Carbide spin-off)
Shell Oil 4,725
Eastman Chemical 4,678 190 (Kodak spin-off)
ICI Americas 4,615
Asahi Chem (Jap) 4,591
Unilever (UK) (4,572)
Occidental Petr. 4,349
Degussa (Ger) 4,274 --
Allied Signal 4,254 (349)
Air Products 4,122 113
Zeneca (UK) 4,121
Formosa Plastics (T) 4,050
Ashland 4,047
Rohm and Haas 3,999 205
Arco Chemical 3,995 79
Showa Denko (Jap) 3,979 --
Solutia 3,969 56 ('97 Monsanto spinoff)
Roche (Switz) 3,949 (233)
Sekusi Chem (J) 3,863
Reliance Industries (Ind) 3,691 (10)
Mitsui Petrochem (J) (3,673)
Mitsui Toatsu (Jap) (3,663)
Chevron 3,632
Phillips Petroleum 3,528
W.R. Grace 3,313 96
Mobil 3,251
Monsanto 3,126 (939)
Millenium 3,048
IMC Global 2,989
Dow Corning 2,643 --
Akzo-Nobel 2,605
National Starch 2,455
Lyondell Petrochem. 2,346
Rhne-Poulenc (2,300)
FMC 2,254 166
Solvay America 2,200
Witco 2,187 78
Amer. Home Prod. 2,119 (1558) (bought Cyanamide, '94)
Elf Atochem 2,000
Hercules 1,866 56
Potash Corp. Sask. 1,826
Henkel America 1,800
Morton International 1,681 63
Lubrizol 1,674 90
PPG Industries 1,647 254
Ciba Specialty Chem 1,565
Zeneca Inc. 1,550
Crompton & Knowles 1,540 55
Engelhard 1,513
Nalco Chemical 1,434 42
CF Industries 1,432
Cabot 1,430 85
International Flavors 1,427 (94)
Olin 1,340 30
Arcadian Partners (1,314)
Great Lakes Chem. 1,311
H. B. Fuller 1,307 (28)
BetzDearborn 1,295 42
Cytec 1,291 44 (Cyanamide spin-off)
Borden Inc. 1,291
Farmland Industries 1,264
Geon 1,250 18
Wellman 1,083
Ethyl 1,064 72
Fina 1,059
DSM 1,000
Courtalds 1,005
Georgia Gulf 996
Freeport-McMoRan (920)
Sterling Chemical 909
BF Goodrich 905
Sigma-Aldrich 902
Aristech 897
NL Industries 894
Degussa 871
BP America 842
Albemarle 830 (31) ('94 Ethyl spin-off)
Terra Industries 802
Loctite (800)
Kerr-McGee 760
Union Camp 758
Intl. Specialty Prod. 749 --
Borden Chemicals 737
Alum. Co. of Amer. 670
Vulcan Materials 628
GenCorp 615
Rexene (588)
Stepan 582
Ferro 566
Sun Co. 565
Creanova 550
Hls America (550)
Laporte 531
Mississippi Chemical 521
Lonza 520
General Chemical 519
Bush Boake Allen 491
Albright & Wilson 487
ChemFirst 446 (8)
Unocal 439
Baker-Hughes 417
Cambrex Corp. 380
Georgia-Pacific (356)
Petrolite (342) (15)
Mallinckrodt 335
Terra Nitrogen 335
McWhorter Tech 332
Calgon Carbon 328
Westvaco 326
Asarco 324
Minerals Tech 299
Kemira (293)
Procter & Gamble -- 1282

=== (Grain of Salt) ====



Salt Crystal

The information above has been collected from various published sources with no cross checking of the numbers. Chemical prices are an average of spot checks over different years. There may be inaccuracies in this information, but I'm offering it for use more to provide a ballpark idea of the volume/size and price/research effort of the major chemicals and chemical companies, rather than as an authoritative reference.

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8/17/98 Ernie Chamot / Chamot Labs / < echamot@chamotlabs.com